For purposes of the scope of permitted disclosures of PHI to law enforcement in custodial situations under 45 CFR 164.512(k)(5), HIPAA does not define the precise boundaries of “other persons in lawful custody.” As defined in HIPAA at 45 CFR 164.501, the term includes, but is not limited to: juvenile offenders adjudicated delinquent, non-citizens detained awaiting deportation, persons committed to mental institutions through the criminal justice system, witnesses, or others awaiting charges or trial. In addition to these defined situations, lawful custody also includes those situations where an individual is under the care or control of an officer. This includes instances where an individual has been arrested, as well as situations where the individual has been detained by law enforcement and is not free to go, but is not under formal arrest. For example, this would include situations when an officer has detained an individual and seeks to determine whether diversion is appropriate. Lawful custody does not encompass pretrial release, probation, or parole.